Referencing Figures In Dissertation Sample

Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing, capitalizing and italicizing.

When including a figure or a table from another source in your work, it is important to include appropriate citations.
1. Tables are numerical values or text displayed in rows and columns.

2. Figures are other illustrations such as graphs, charts, maps, drawings, photographs etc.

3. All Tables and Figures must be referred to in the main body of the text.
4. Number all Tables and Figures in the order they first appear in the text. 
5. Refer to them in the text by their number. For example:
               As shown in Table 2 … 
               OR
               As illustrated in Figure 3…
6. Each table or figure should be titled and captioned.

Tables reproduced in your text:

Each table should be displayed with a brief explanatory title.

Example of Title

Table 1. Hours of television viewing per week by age group

 

You must include a caption beneath the table. Use the following format - this format differs from the reference list format.  See note at bottom of this page regarding copyright permissions if publishing a table or a figure.

For examples of tables see APA Style Central

Format of Caption

Article:

Note. Reprinted [adapted] from “Title of article,” by A. B. Author and C. D. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder".

Book:

Note. Reprinted [adapted] from Title of book (p. xx), by E. F. Author, Year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder".

 

Figures reproduced in your text

Each figure should be displayed with a brief explanatory title. eg. Figure 3. Complex Theoretical Formulations

You must include a caption beneath the figure. Use the following format - references for figures are not required in your reference list.

For examples of figures see APA Style Central

Format of caption for figures adapted or copied directly from another source.

Article:

Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Adapted [reprinted] from “Title of article,” by A. Author, B. Author, and C. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number. Copyright Year by "Name of the copyright holder".

Book:

Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Adapted [reprinted] from Title of book 

There are some things to be aware of if you’re using tables, figures and other graphics in your dissertation. For example, how you should cite a complete table that you’ve taken from another source.

The APA Style treats using a table, figure or graphic from someone else as a quote. You must indicate the source of that item in a note attached directly to the table, figure or graphic.

Treat tables, figures and graphics like quotes

When an existing table, figure or other graphic (such as a chart or picture) is taken from another source (possibly with adaptations), it becomes an image. The APA style says it should be treated as a quote.

If the item is a table, you do not need to apply APA style rules for tables in this case.

An example of referring to a reproduced table in the text

The results in Table 1 (Ajzen, 1991, p. 179), show that…

As you can see, the author, date and page number of the source are included, just as in “normal” quotes. You should also refer to the complete source in the reference list.

An example of referring to a reproduced table in the reference list

Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Processes, 50(2), 179.

Notes

If you have copied a table, figure or other graphic from another source, you must indicate the source in a note that is attached to that item.

The APA style says you need to include “Reprinted from” or “Adapted from” followed by the title of the book or article and complete source information.

Type table, figure or graphicDescription in the note
Copied exactly“Reprinted from”
Copied with some adjustments“Adapted from”

Adding more clarification in the note

You can also use the note to provide information that clarifies the table, figure or graphic. For example, for a table you could comment on p-values, explain abbreviations or add details concerning a specific row or column.

Table, figure or graphic from an internet source

APA formatNote. Reprinted from “ArticleTitle”, by AuthorLastName, FirstInitial., (Year, MonthDay). Retrieved from http://WebAddress
Note as to tableNoot. Reprinted from “U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought”, by Worland, J. 2015, July 27. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the reference listWorland, J. (2015, July 27). U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/

Table, figure or graphic from a journal

APA formatNote. Reprinted from “ArticleTitle”, by AuthorLastName, FirstInitial., Year, NameJournal, Volume, p. Pagenumber.
Note as to tableNote. Reprinted from “The Theory of Planned Behavior”, by Ajzen, I., 1991, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), p. 179.
In the reference listAjzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Processes, 50(2), 179.

Table, figure or graphic from a book

APA formatNoot. Reprinted from “BookTitle”, by AuteurAchternaam, FirstInitial., Year, p. Pagenumber, City, State/Country: Publisher.
Note as to tableNote. Reprinted from “The Harvard Medical School Guide To Men’s Health”, by Simon, H.B., 2002, p. 107, New York, NY: Free Press.
In the reference listSimon, H.B. (2002). The Harvard Medical School Guide To Men’s Health. New York, NY: Free Press.

Copyright

The APA style indicates that when a table, figure or graphic from another source is used, the copyright of the item’s owner should be mentioned in the note. This is especially important if you plan to publish your text.

You should refer to the copyright at the end of the note:

APA formatNote. Reprinted from “ArticleTitle”, by AuthorLastName, FirstInitial., Year, NameJournal, Volume, p. Pagenumber. Copyright Year by Publisher.

Table Copyright

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