1 Wrap gifts in fabric and tie with ribbon; both are reusable and prettier than paper and sticky-tape.
2 Start a compost heap to reduce the waste you send to landfill sites.
3 Buy your own hive: without bees the planet would last for only 60 years (and honey is good for your health).
4 Use a nappy washing service: they use 32% less energy and 41% less water than home washing.
5 Slow down. Driving at 50mph uses 25% less fuel than 70mph.
6 Wash your clothes with your flatmates' instead of wasting water on half-empty loads.
7 Turn down your central heating and put on a jumper.
8 Take a brisk shower, not a leisurely bath, to save water.
9 Hold a Tupperware party. Airtight food containers can be reused; sandwich bags and plastic wrap cannot.
10 Choose energy-efficient appliances when you replace old ones.
11 Buy compact fluorescent light bulbs. They last eight times as long and use a fraction of the energy.
12 Join a library instead of buying books.
13 Get to know your neighbours; they are more likely to keep your home safe than energy-guzzling security lamps.
14 Recycle your car oil at a recycling depot or petrol station; it contains lead, nickel and cadmium.
15 Get on your bike instead of driving.
16 Let them carry you off in a biodegradable cardboard coffin, saving trees.
17 Use low-phosphate washing-up liquid and washing powder. Phosphates stimulate algal growth when discharged into the water supply, lowering oxygen levels and killing plants and fish.
18 Buy local, or better still, grow your own food, so energy is not wasted on transportation.
19 Raise your glass to organic beer; conventionally grown hops are sprayed up to a dozen times a year.
20 Use recycling facilities. If there aren't any, ask your council for them.
21 Ditch the air-conditioner and buy an aspidistra; plants help cut pollution.
22 Take the plunge and move in with your partner so you light and heat one home rather than two.
23 Give a colleague a lift to work; if no one is going your way, join a carshare scheme to find a passenger.
24 Cook for friends. Large quantities of food use less packaging than the same quantity in individual portions (and take less energy to cook).
25 Copy ministers by holidaying in Britain (but unlike them, skip the follow-up trip to Tuscany).
26 Give your garden a good breakfast; coffee grounds and eggshells are ideal for composting.
27 Refuse plastic carrier bags, or at least reuse them. Cloth bags are better.
28 Donate your leftover paint to a community project; Britons fail to use 6.2m litres of the paint they buy each year.
29 Drink tap or filtered water, not bottled.
30 Invest in a washing line; tumble dryers devour electricity.
31 Buy chocolates from proper chocolate stores, so they are not individually wrapped.
32 Turn off TVs and stereos instead of switching them to standby.
33 Lighten up: paint your walls a pale colour, so you need less artificial light.
34 Only flush toilets if really needed; follow the Australian maxim: "If it's yellow that's mellow, if it's brown flush it down."
35 Improve the ambience and dine by candlelight, saving electricity.
36 Insulate your home. Cavity wall insulation can cut heat loss through the wall by up to 60%.
37 Buy from companies with eco-friendly policies; boycott those without.
38 Soak up the sun; even in Britain, solar panels can produce a surprising amount of energy.
39 Clean the back of your fridge. Dusty coils can increase energy consumption by 30%.
40 Avoid air travel; it produces three times more carbon dioxide per passenger than rail.
41 Pretend Christmas has come early; turkey is more likely than chicken to be produced in the UK, while British-grown brussel sprouts require less transport than Kenyan mangetout.
42 Grow plants to give to friends instead of cut flowers.
43 Choose a car with a 3-way catalytic converter, to reduce nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons emissions by 90%.
44 Ban blinds. Heavy curtains keep in more heat in winter.
45 Change materials as well as rooms; MDF and chipboard release formaldehyde, a carcinogen. Buy sustainably produced wood instead.
46 Cut up the plastic rings from packs of beer; they are invisible in water so wildlife can choke on them or trap themselves.
47 Bring a mug to the office instead of using polystyrene cups.
48 Snap up a 36-exposure film instead of 24, reducing waste from packaging and processing.
49 Cancel that expensive gym membership and walk to work instead.
50 Buy less. Save time and money as well as the planet.
Suggestions submitted by Guardian journalists and staff, the World Wildlife Fund and The Ecologist magazine's book Go Mad! 365 Daily Ways to Save the Planet. See www.theecologist.org
Earth is a beautiful living planet of the Universe as the common habitat of more than 7 billion human population & millions of species of biodiversity. Our Earth provides us with food, shelter & with most of our requirements.
Despite unavoidable free services provided by earth to humans we are not being able to pay off her kindness to us. Rather we humans are being cruel to our Earth by our selfish activities. Mahatma Gandhi said, “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed.”Every day we produce tons of degradable & non-degradable wastes & throw them anywhere recklessly. Smoke & harmful gases from our homes, vehicles or industries are suffocating her. We are disposing dirty sewages, drainage & even chemicals recklessly although we know that more than 7 billion humans along with all plants & animals in this world rely on water for their lives. If we aren’t concentrated on saving those water resources then in near future water can be as expensive as PETROL or one day people can die due to thirst. Despite huge noise by our jumbo population itself, we use loudspeakers for our entertainment & industries, airplanes or other noisy vehicles for our luxury. We destroy forests for agriculture & settlement. We build huge buildings, roads & factories beyond her carrying capacity. Establishment of nuclear reactors vastly affects environment & human lives.
Harmful gases emitted by ACs, refrigerators , industries & vehicles are depleting ozone layer & increasing our exposure to very harmful UV rays of sun leading us towards various skin diseases, eye cataract & even cancer. Wastes like plastics & other non-degradable wastes like insecticides, pesticides, chemical fertilizers etc. highly degrade soil quality & decrease agricultural products & kills soil microorganisms & decomposers. Water pollution increases risk of water borne diseases like cholera, dysentery etc. and lead & arsenic highly degrade our mental ability & causes extinction of many aquatic animals. Air pollution causes air borne diseases like asthma in humans & animals and disturbs whole metabolism process in plants. Noise pollution causes insomnia & heart diseases in humans. Deforestation is leading to natural calamities like floods, soil erosion etc, temperature increase and changed rainfall distribution, drought, loss of valuable biodiversity, decreased oxygen density etc. The burning issues in the world at present are “Climate Change & Greenhouse Effect”.
Solutions of environmental problems are not impossible to superior creature humans if they are committed. As a youth & global citizen, I too have the responsibilities to my mother earth. My first role towards nature is to reduce my own carbon footprint via eco-friendly activities. Then, I can form a GREEN ORGANIZATION along with some other energetic youths to raise awareness in my peer circle, neighborhood & the community about environment sanitation by changing degradable wastes into compost manure & by 3R principle (reduce, reuse & recycle) of non-degradable wastes. I can create workshops with local people that air pollution can be controlled by replacing household energy sources like coal, firewood etc. by biogas, electricity or solar energy & we can negotiate with factory owners & vehicle owners to use dust & smoke purification systems in industries & vehicles & we can encourage them to use solar-energy based industries & vehicles. We can organize environment sanitation programs & afforestation programs in barren lands. We youths can appeal the government to bring eco-friendly development policies & proper planning of cities. We can organize orientation programs about the climate change, its causes, and effects & mitigation measures in schools & colleges to induce other youths towards conservation of nature. Youths can initiate the concept of “Payment of Ecosystem services (PES)” in the society & emphasize home stay tourism in the villages. As a student of forestry sector, I have the responsibility to aware local people about importance of forests & effects of deforestation along with the new concept of carbon trade via REDD++ programs.
Thus, for the sustainability of our planet, I promise to fulfill my responsibilities towards Mother Nature as a global citizen so as to protect my living planet from deterioration & to handover clean & green planet to our future generations. Maybe our single efforts may seem small but if thousands of youths can unite together towards nature conservation then one day our efforts will be a drastic step to protect our motherland Earth from destruction.